Alwar was a part of 'Matsya Desh', most of it around 1500 BC was included in the territory of Matsya. It is believed that the legendary Pandavs, the heroes of Mahabharta, spent the last year of their thirteen years of exile over here in the city of Viratnagar. Alwar has a very turbulent history due to its strategically important location. Nikkumbha Rajputs were believed to be the first occupants, who built the fort and the old town, the remnants of which are still visible at the foot of the hills.
The present city was founded in 11th century by Maharaja Alguhraj, but it was rapped incessantly by the Mughals. In 1775 AD Maharaja Pratap Singh, a Kachhawaha Rajput belonging to the same clan as the one which ruled Jaipur wrestled back Alwar from the Mughals and established a principality of its own
History of Alwar
The erstwhile state of Alwar, in North Eastern Rajasthan, is possibly the oldest kingdom in kingdom-studded Rajasthan. In 1500 BC it formed a part of the Matsya territories of Viratnagar (present-day Bairat), which also encompassed Bharatpur, Dholpur and Karauli. History becomes inextricably bound with mythology, as it was here in the ancient kingdom of Matsya. The city of Alwar is believed to have founded by a member of the Kachh family who hailed from Amber, but control was wrested from the Kachhwahas of Nikumbhas. They in turn lost the city to Bada Gurjara Rajputs of Machari. It passed to the Khanzadas, under Bah Nahara of Mewar, who converted from Hinduism to Islam to win the favour of Emperor Tughlaq of Delhi. At this time, Alwar was part of the kingdom of Mewar.
Descendants of Bahadura Nahara defended the Alwar fort against the Muslims in 1427. Alwar's fortunes were inextric bound with those of Mewar, which was contiguous with Delhi. As Alwar located on the strategic south-western tier of Delhi, this of course rankled with Mughals, who mounted numerous military forays into the region, only conquering after great difficulty. Alwar was later granted to Sawai Jai Singh of Jaipur by Aurangzeb. The Jats of Bharatpur then threw their hat into the ring, briefly overrunning the region, and installing themselves in the Alwar fort. They were evicted by the Lalawat Narukas (descendants of the Kachhwaha prince of Amber, Naru) between 1775 and 1782 under the leadership of the Naruka thakur (noble) Pratap Singh.
Places To See
Vinay Vilas Palace
This garden palace was once the residence of Maharaja Vinay Singh. Now a college is being run in this magnificient building. The gardens of this palace and Purjan Vihar (company garden) were watered by the Siliserh lake through a long aqueduct.
Moosi Maharani Chhatri
This impressive centopath (chhatri) on the banks of 'Sagar' a beautiful lake, is dedicated to Bakhtawar singh's mistress who performed sati here. The centopath reflects Indo-Islamic style of architecture. The upper portion in marble with columned pavalions and domed arches with exquisite floral tracery, rests over the pillared red sand stone storey.
Mythological an d court scenes in fading gold leaf painting and sculpture adorn the cieling.The memorial is rtated as one of the finest in its class. The picturesque 'Sagar' or lake is a concrete catchment with a pattern of stairs and tiny kiosks in perfect symmetry along the sides.
The beautiful garden was laid during the reigns of maharaja Shiv Dan singh in 1868.It has an enchanting setting known as 'Simla' which was built by Maharaja mangal singh in 1885.The cool shades and lush greenary of this perfectely laid garden never lets the heat of summer peep in.
The garden was originaly named as company Garden, later changed by maharaja Singh as Purjan Vihar.
Tomb Of Fateh Jung
This spectacular tomb has a massive dome which is a fine blend of Hindu and Islamic architectural styles.Fateh jung was a minister of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and re;lated to the Khanzada rulers of Alwar.