Famous as Pink City- Jaipur is certainly a major attraction for first time visitor. The city is surrounded on all sides by rugged hills and symbolizes the nine divisions of the universe. The city, apart from offering innumerable historical monuments, palaces and forts patronizes several arts too. Fascinating places worth a visit include: Amer Palace, City Palace, Hawa Mahal, Nahargarh and Jai Garh.
Jaipur, the city-capital in the tone of an autumnal sunset, literally lush pink when prince Albert, the consort of Queen Victoria, stepped on its soil in 1883. Interspersing the play of red and pink were white borders and motifs, painstakingly outlining the architectural highlights of Jaipur's buildings. Jaipur had been like that since 1727 when Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II had it built that year.
Interestingly, the royal family's earlier residence at Amber, was only 11 km away and had been since the 10th century. Seven hundred years later, the Maharaja chose to raise a 'City of Victory, and aptly baptised it Jaipur. Coincidentally, the name also incorporated the first name of the Maharaja thus immortalising the builder : both through his nomenclature of dynasty and concept of ideals.
Jaipur was and remains the only city in the world symbolizing the nine divisions of the Universe through nine rectangular sectors subdividing it. A young Bengali architect Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, formalised the city's plans on the 'Shipa Shastra', the epochal Hindu treatise on architecture, tempering it with sublimity of Mughal and Jain influences of the times. The Palaces and forts of the yesteryears that were witness to royal processions and splendour are now living monuments. There is a timeless quality to Jaipur's bazaars and of eternity to its people. Could the woman drying chillies under the sun, in the shadow of the fort, have been there a hundred years ago? Could not the Jeweller, so carefully crafting the gold and precious stones of his trade, be equally its vision of the future.
Jaipur is a great city and this is its most noticeable aspect. Buildings testify to it. Its Palaces, luxury hotels, ancient beautifully carved and painted Havelies pay homage to the grand capital of princes and kings, a city of the past that belongs to India's future.
PLACES TO SEE
Located at Sierh Deori bazar, Hawa Mahal, literally the Palace of Winds, built in 1799 by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh, displays fanciful architecture and is a remarkable landmark of Jaipur. So named because the palace has specially latticed screens and arches for an unbridled flow of the air currents but is a set pattern with the passage of the sun. Till the recent past, ladies of the court from within the palace positioned themselves by the balconies to watch processions passing through in the streets below without themselves being observed by the people.
In earlier times, the entire complex was owned by the Minas and dedicated to 'Amba Mata', the incarnation of earth and fertility. Amber overlooks the Moata Lake and is rated as a marvel of bastion excelling in architectural and building skills. Amber had the distinction of being the capital for six long centuries before Jaipur came into being. A fascinating blend of Hindu and Muslim influences is distinctly discernible in its architecture. Amongst the most majestic of apartments is Jai Mandir or the Hall of Victory. The palace complex also boats of a Hall of Mirrors, the like of which is not seen in the country elsewhere. Sukh Niwas, the Hall of Pleasure, is a marvel of 17th century engineering, its best feat being a unique system of 'air-conditioning'. The model operandi was based on a cool breeze blowing through a fall of cascading waters. To ascend the fort, jeeps and elephants can be hired near the entrance gate.
Emperor Sawai Jai Singh II, the builder of the city has to his credit five observatories in different parts of the country. The one he raised at Jaipur is the largest and best preserved. Huge instruments in intricate masonry offer an accurate measurement of the time, the declination of the sun, the altitude and the azimuth, the position of constellations in the sky for the day, the eclipses and the allied astronomical phenomena. City Palace
This former royal residence is an imposing blend of traditional Rajasthani and Mughal architecture and the craftmanship. Surrounded by crenellated walls this piece-de-resistance of Jaipur's palaces occupies one seventh of the walled city, comprising a string of minor palaces and imposing halls, Of special significance is the 'Chandra Mahal' which overlooks the breathtaking Jai Niwas Gardens and the highly revered Shri Gobind Dev Temple. The Museum within the palace has an array of galleries of rare paintings, exquisite miniatures, scholarly manuscripts, artefacts and traditional treatises on architecture. The fine collection of guns and swords on display dates back to the 15th century and is one of the best in India.
As its name denotes, this is a palace built amidst a lake and intended as the summer resort for the royal family. The palace is noted for its intricate architecture.
13 km, a picturesque road winds its way up the hills. At one time, the fort was a retreat for the royal family. Nahargarh Fort commands a panoramic view from the top of the hill.
HOW TO GET THERE
Air: Jaipur has its own airport, and is well connected to all other tourist and business centres.
Rail: An excellent connection to Delhi by Shatabdi Express and the Pink City Express. Other connections to Jaipur are from Bikaner, Jodhpur, Udaipur, Ahemadabad, Secunderabad and Lucknow.
Road: A network of reasonably comfortable tourist buses, run by road corporations of Rajasthan, Haryana and others.
A major gem and jewellery centre, Jaipur is famous for Kundan work (enamel work on gold). Also there are woollen carpets, cotton rugs, marble statuary, enamelled wares, brass ware, hand-block printed Sanganeri and Bagru Cotton fabrics, exotic blue pottery made from crushed quartz, leather footwear and more.